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Microscope-Enhanced Endodontics (Root Canal Specialist)


Anthony D. John D.D.S., M.S.

The Anatomy Of A Tooth
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TEETH ARE A LOT more complicated than they might seem from the outside, which is why we’re using this post to provide a brief dental anatomy lesson. Now let’s dive right into the structure of a tooth! The easiest way to do this will be to divide that anatomy into two main categories: the crown and the root.

Something To Chew On: The Crown

The crown of a tooth is the part that is above the gumline. It consists of three layers. The outermost layer is the enamel, which is the hardest substance in the human body. It needs to be so that we can chew our food! However, enamel isn’t made of actual cells, which means it can’t repair itself if it wears down. Good brushing and flossing habits, regular dental visits, and avoiding sugary or acidic food and drink will help preserve that enamel for life.

Beneath the enamel is dentin, which is a lot like bone, consisting of living tissue that is calcified. It contains microscopic tubules that run from the pulp at the core of the tooth to the outer enamel. That’s why we can feel temperature in our teeth! If the enamel has worn down, that normal sensation turns into painful tooth sensitivity.

At the very core of each tooth is the dental pulp chamber. The pulp includes the blood vessels that keep the tooth alive and nerves that provide sensation — including pain receptors that let us know when something is wrong. If tooth decay becomes severe enough to reach the dental pulp, you will definitely feel it, and that’s a great time to schedule a dental appointment, if not sooner!

Beneath The Surface: The Root

The root is the long part of the tooth that connects to the jaw bone. Tiny periodontal ligaments hold each tooth in place, and gum tissue provides extra support. The roots are hollow, with canals that link the nerves and blood vessels in the dental pulp to the nervous and cardiovascular systems.

The main difference in the structure of the root compared to the crown is that the root lacks enamel. Instead, it is protected by a thin, hard layer of cementum. As long as the gum tissue is healthy and properly covers the root, the lack of enamel there isn’t a problem, but this is why exposed roots from gum recession are more susceptible to decay.

Let’s Protect Those Teeth!

Every part of a tooth’s anatomy is important to it staying strong and healthy so that you can use it to chew your food and dazzle everyone around you with your smile, and that’s why it’s so important to keep up a strong dental hygiene regimen. Keep on brushing for two minutes twice a day and flossing daily, and make sure to keep scheduling those dental appointments every six months!

Thank you for choosing us to play a role in keeping your teeth healthy!


The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

Posted:  7/2/2018 2:35 PM
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As the last week of May tempts us with some sunny weather, it is easy to mistake Memorial Day for a much-needed three-day weekend to kick off the summer season.

We often forget that Memorial Day is a time to remember the veterans who have served our country and their families who have made sacrifices for our freedom. Make this Memorial Day a time to remind your friends and family why we observe the holiday. Enjoy the sun by eating outside or spending time with those you love but also reflect with the rest of the country by observing the National Moment of Remembrance. 

Our very own Dr. John served in the US Military! We asked him a few questions to learn more what Memorial Day means to him. 

What branch of the military did you serve in?

      - I served active duty in US Navy.

What does Memorial Day mean to you?

      - Memorial Day is respectfully observed, by me and my family, remembering and learning more about those people who have died while serving in our country's armed forces. I am teaching my children about American flag etiquette and how to properly display our American flag. 

Do you have an Memorial Day Traditions?

      - My family has a continuing tradition of visiting my Veteran father and Veteran grandfather's gravestones and decorating with flowers. We have also been actively involved with Boy Scouts of America and annual visits decorating gravestones at Fort Rosecrans and Miramar National Cemeteries.

However absorbed you are enjoying the beach, watermelon, and mom’s famous potato salad, -take a moment to remember what this holiday is about. Have a wonderful Memorial Day from all of us at Pinnacle Endodontics!

Posted:  5/24/2018 11:52 AM